Motor oil – and it importance to vehicles

Motor oil, engine oil, or engine lubricant is any of various substances comprising base oil enhanced with additives particularly antiwear additive plus detergent, dispersants and, for multi-grade oil viscosity index improves motor oil is used for lubrication of internal combustion engines

the main function of motor oil is to reduce friction and wear on moving parts and to clean the engine from sludge one of the functions of dispersants and varnish detergents, it also neutralizes acids that originated from fuel and from oxidation of the

lubricant improves sealing of piston rings, and cools the engine by carrying heat away from moving parts in addition to the basic constituents almost all lubricating engines then using inefficient combination of petroleum and animals and vegetable fats.

Keller Heartt Oil Solutions

he made his breakthrough when he developed an oil that worked effectively in high temperature.this meant no more gummed valves, corroded cylinders or leaking seals.

What motor oil is made from?

most motor oils are made from a heavier, thicker petroleum hydrocarbon with between 18 and 34 carbon etoms per molecule, one of the most important properties of motor oil in maintaining a lubricating film between moving parts it viscosity

the viscosity of liquid can be though of as its thickness or measure of its resistance to flow, the viscosity must be high enough to maintain a lubricating film but low enough that the oil can flow around the engine parts under all condition. The viscosity index is a measure of how much the oils, viscosity changes as temperature changes

a higher viscosity index indicates the viscosity index motor oil must be able to flow adequately at the lowest temperature its expected to experience in order to minimize metal to metal contact between moving parts upon starting up the engine.

the pour point defined first this property of motor oil as defined by ASTM D97 as an index of the lowest temperature of its utility for a given application but the cold cranking simulator CC’s see ASTM D5293_08 and mini rotary viscometer MRV see ASTM D3829-02(2007), ASTM D4684-08 are today the properties required in motor oil

specs and define the SAE classification oil is largely composed of hydrocarbons which can burn if ignited. Still, another important property of motor oil is its flash point is desirable, at a petroleum refinery fractional distillation separate Motor oil

fraction from other crude oil fractions, removing the more volatile components, and therefore increasing the oil flash point reducing its tendency to burn.

Keller Heartt Oil Solutions

another manipulated property of motor oil is its total base number which is a manipulated property of motor oil is its total base number which is a measurement of the reserve alkalinity of an oil meaning its ability to neutralize acids.the resulting quality is determined as Mg Koh/ gram of a lubricant.

acidity other test include zinc, phosphorus, or sulfur content, and testing for excessive foaming,

the noack volatility test ASTMD-5800 determined the physical evaporation loss of lubricants in high temperature service, a maximum of 14% evaporation loss is allowable to meet API SL and ILSACGf-3 specification,some automotive OEM oil specification require lower than 10%.

have any questions or comments leave them below or click for oily topic

Keller Heartt Oil Solutions



Top MLB prospects – that will make a impact in 2020 season

Minor league baseball- is a hierarchy of professional baseball leagues in the America that compete at level below major league baseball and provide opportunities for player development and a way to prepare for the major league,

all the minor leagues are operated as independent business most are members of the umbrella organization known as minor league baseball, which operates under the commissioner of baseball within the scope of organized baseball, serial leagues, Known as independent baseball leagues, do not have any official links to major league baseball

Players to watch in the 2020

Wander Franco – 18 years born in Dominica republic (SS) (R) was ranked as one of the top international prospect in the 2017, class, signed with the Tampa Bay Ray’s on July 2, 2017, made his professional debut in 2018.

with the Princeton Ray in a game in July, the hit for the cycle, at the age of 17 years Franco was named 2018 Appalachian league player of the year after having marvelous season hitting, .374/.445/.636 with 11 home runs and 57 RBI over 245 plate appearances for the Princeton Ray’s, Franco was named to the 2019, all star futures game

Franco 2019, stats

  • team (Cha) game (23) AB(79) AVG(.354) 
  • team (BG) game (62) AB (233) AVG(.318) 
  • minors game (85) AB(312) AVG (.327) 

Mackenzie Gore

20 years born February 24, 1999, is an American professional baseball pitcher in the San Diego Padres organization bats with his left-hand throw with his left-hand Gore committed, to the East Carolina University to play college baseball, the was

Considered one of the top prospects for the 2017, MLB draft the was drafted by the San Diego Padres with the third overall pick the signed a rookie contraction June 23, 2017, the spends 2017, with the Arizona league Padres where the pitched in seven games

Posting a 0-1 record, a 1.27 ERA, and a 0.98 whip in seven starts the spent 2018 with the fort Wayne tin cap going 2-5 with a 4.45 ERA in 16 starts. Gore began 2019, with the lake Elsinore storm earning California league all star honors,

That June, the was named to the 2019, all star futures games, after pitching to 7-1 record and a 1.02 era over 15 stars, striking out 110 batters over 791/3 innings, the was promoted to the Amarillo sod poodles in early July.

  • Team (AmA) w(1) L(0) ERA (6.75) Game (2)
  • Team(LE) W(7) L(1) ERA(1.02) GAME(15)
  • Minors W(8) L(1) ERA (1.62) Game (17)

Yonathan Daza

25 years of age born February 28, 1994, is a Venezuelan professional baseball outfielder for the Colorado Rockies of major league baseball, the Rockies added him to their 40-man roster after the 2017, season with the double-A Hartford Yard goat,

hitting .306/.330/.461/.791 with 4 home runs and 29RBI, the appeared in just 54 games in 2018 after suffering a left shoulder injury in late July of that season, Daza opened the 2019, season with the triple A Albuquerque isotopes.

the Rockies promoted Daza to the major leagues for the first time on April 9th, 2019,, when David Dali was placed on the injured list, Daza made his major league debut on April 9, 2019, versus the Atlanta Braves.

yonathan Daza 2019, stats

  • team(col) game(6) AB (18) AVG(.056) 
  • MLB GAME(6) AB(18) AVG(.056) 
  • team (ABQ) Game(80) AB(349) Avg(.364) 
  • minors Game (80) AB(349) AVG(.364) 

Deivi Garcia

20 years born may 19, 1999, is a Dominican professional baseball pitcher for the new York Yankees organization, Garcia signed with Yankees in 2015 for a $200,000 signing bonus, in 2018, Garcia pitched for the Charleston rivers dogs of the

class a south Atlantic league and the Tampa tarpons of the class A advanced Florida State league, the made his final start of the 2018 season with the Trenton thunder of the class AA Eastern league Garcia returned to Tampa in 2019,, and was promoted,

to Trenton after making four starts. In July, the was selected to play in the all-star future games, after the game, the was promoted to the Scranton/ Wilkes-Barre rail riders.

Deivi Garcia 2019, stats

  • team (swb) W(1)L(0) ERA (4.50) Game (2) 
  • team(TRN)W(4)L(3)ERA(3.00) Game (10) 
  • team(Tam)W(0)L(2)ERA(3.06) Game (4) 
  • minors stats W(5) L(5) ERA(3.17)Game(16) 

Dominique Danton Thompson – Williams

24 years born April 21, 1995, is an American professional baseball outfielder for the Seattle Mariners organization, the New York Yankees selected Thompson Williams in the fifth round, with the 158th overall selection, of the 2016 MLB draft, and

the signed with the Yankees, beginning his professional career, the made his professional debut with the Staten island Yankees of the class a short season new Penn league batting.246 with 3 home runs, 16RBI, and 15 stolen bases in on November 19, 2018, the Yankees traded Thompson- Williams Justus Sheffield, and Erik Swanson to the Seattle Mariners

for James Paxton, the started the 2019, season with the Arkansas Travelers of the class AA Texas league

ian Anderson

21 years born may 2, 1998, is an American professional baseball pitcher in the Atlanta Braves organization, as of may 2019, the is ranked as the 31 prospect in baseball according to multiple source.

Anderson was considered one of the top prospects for the 2016 MLB draft, the was selected by the Atlanta Braves with the third overall pick and signed with the danville for $4 million.

Anderson made has professional debut with the G CL Braves and was promoted to the Danville braves on August 6,2016. He finished the 2016 season with a combined 1-2 record and 2.04 Era in ten starts between both teams, in 2017, the played with the Rome braves where the went 4-5 with a 3.14 Era in 20 starts.the began 2018 with the Florida fire frogs and was promoted

to the Mississippi braves on August 8 in 24 starts between the two clubs, the was 4-7 with a 2.49 Era Anderson returned to Mississippi began 2019, Anderson was named to the 2019, all star futures games

Ibandel Isabel

24 years born June 20, 1993, in Dominican republic when the 2018 season began for Ibandel Isabel the was in the Los Angeles dodgers organization, the was 22 years old at the time getting ready to return to advanced, A to join the ranch Cucamonga quakes for the second consecutive year, in 2017, the had hit 28 home runs in the hitter friendly California league

ibandel Isabel scouting report

scouting grades : hit: 40/power:60/run:45/arm 50/field:40/overall:45


while there is no question about Isabel ability to hit the ball out of the park, there are many worries about him making enough contact to use that power in games as the moves up the ladder, in 2018, Isabel also struck out 152 times of 36 percent of his at bats, the has below average as a defender, the does have an average arm and could be occasionally utilized in right

field, where the played eight games for Daytona Isabel could be a more athletic version of Chris carter if the can refine his overall approach at the plate, and has raw power, otherwise, the hit the tape measure homers and do little else, which would make it harder for him to reach the big league.

Sixto Sanchez

born July 29, 1998, is a Dominican professional baseball pitcher in the Miami, Marlin organization, Sanchez started 2017, with the class A lake wood blue claws, and was promoted to the class a Clearwater, Threshers during the season, with whom the was the youngest pitcher in the Florida State league

on July 30 the was named southern league pitcher of the week the throws a fastball in the high 90s that reached 102mph, Between the two teams the was 5-7 with a 3.03era, a whip of 0.958, and a 4.67 strike out-to-walk ratio, baseball America named him the number 25 prospect in baseball, ranked him as the number 26 prospect, and MLB pipeline named him the no 47 prospect.

insight on sixto Sanchez was the prospect piece to this off-season j.t Realmuto deal, the centerpiece of Philadelphia package to the Marlin’s, the’s one of the highest rated arms in the Minors and could jump into top 20 overall prospect consideration with a healthy 2019,.

Sanchez turned 20 in the middle of 2018 season, dominating older competition in the advanced, a Florida State league until an elbow inflammation shut him down in July, the was going to make up the last time in fall league but missed that due to injury as well, a late scratch from Scott Dale’s roster due to neck and collar bone issues


at his best, Sanchez located high- 90s heater with heavy run it’s a blow by pitch that induces weak ground ball contact, a Sharpe curve and change up both are future star plus pitches, and a slider gives a fourth look to keep hitters honest, what most impressive is his ability limit walks for power arm,


something that leaves little doubt about his ability to remain a starter provided the can handle the workload, the durability concerns that stem from Sanchez injury history and shorter frame are the only question the faces entering 2020. Could be 2/3 type starter.


As the 2019, season ahead into playoff season time to pop champagne season those hungry Minor league players top prospects is gearing up for the 2020 spring training hope to make a major league roster work like is no tomorrow you can get the latest MLB news on ESPN you if you have any questions answers leave them below also can get some top gears MLB Gears.

Technology equipments – Acer, hp, Lenovo, think pad& much more

I personally think tech world is further ahead of modern society it being a major factor in making the world smaller and better environment to learn and communicate what do you think?

Here are some major brands that play big role in the changes in the technology world.

Think pad – is a line of business – oriented laptop’s computers and tablets designed, developed and sold by Lenovo, and formerly IBM, think pads are known for their minimalist black and Boxy design which

was initially modeled in 1990 by industrial designer Richard sapper, based on the concept of a traditional Japanese Benito lunch box revealing its nature only after being opened, according to later interview with sapper, he also characterized the

simple think pad from to be as elementary as simple, black cigar box, and with similar proportions that offers a surprise when opened.

The think pad line was first developed at the IBM Yamato facility in Japan, led by arimasa naitoh, who is now dubbed the father of think pad, the first think pads were released in October 1997, considered innovative, it became a large success for IBM during that decade.

Think pad are especially popular with business, older models are revered by technology enthusiasts, collectors and power users due to their durable design, relatively high resale value, and abundance of aftermarket replacement parts, Think pads have received a somewhat cult following and small but loyal fan base.

throughout the years, After markets parts have been developed for some of these models, with custom mother boards with current processors being created for the X60 and x200. Think pad laptop’s have been used in outer space, and, by 2003, were the only laptop’s certified for use on the international space station.

Models of Think pad brand

Think pad yoga – being the business from 2013 is an ultra books class convertible device that functions of both a laptop and tablet computer, the yoga gets its name from the consumer oriented idea pad yoga line of computers with the same form factor.

Think pad Tablet – released in August 2011, the think pad Tablet is the first in Lenovos line of business- oriented tablets with the think pad brand. The tablet has been described by gadget mix as a premium business tablet, since the tablet is primarily business- oriented, it includes featured

  • Security
  • Anti- theft software the ability to remotely disable the tablets SD card encryption
  • Layered data encryption
  • Cisco virtual private network

The think pad Tablet is able to run software such as IBM’s lotus notes traveler.

Think pad Tablet 2 – in order to celebrate the 20th anniversary of the think pad, Lenovo held a large party in new York where it announced several products, including the tablet 2 Lenovo says that the Think pad Tablet 2 will be available on 28th October 2012 when windows 8 is released.

The think pad Tablet 2 runs the windows 8 professional operating system, it will be able to run any desktop software compatible with this version of the Intel atom processor that has been customized for tablets.

Think pad 8 – Announced and released in January 2014, the think pad 8, is based on the Intel bay trial Atom z3770 processor with 2GB of ram and into 128GB of builtin storage, think pads has an 8.3 inch IPS display with a 16:10 aspect ratio and resolution of 1920 by 1200 pixels,

Other features include an aluminum chassis micro – HDMI port, 8 – mega pixel back camera with flash, and optional 4G connectivity, its runs windows 8 as an operating system.

Think pad 10 – in may 2014, Lenovo think pad 10 is a successor to the think pad Tablet 2 and was lunch in the summer of 2014 along with accessories such as a docking station and external detachable magnetic keyboards.

It used windows 8.1 pro as its operating system, it optionally, supported both 3G and 4G LTE, display resolution was announced to be 1920 × 1200, paired with style pen.

Lenovo group limited , is a Chinese multinational technology Company with headquarters in Beijing it designs, develops, manufactures, and sells personal

  • Computer
  • Tablet
  • Smart phones
  • Workstations
  • Serves
  • Electronic storage devices
  • IT management software
  • Smart televisions

Lenovo is the world largest personal computer vendor by unit sales, as of March 2019 it markets, the think pad and think book business lines of note book computers, idea centre and think centre lines of desktop, Lenovo has operation in more than 160 countries, and sells its products in around 160 countries.

Lenovo principal facilities are in Beijing and Morrisville (North Carolina, us) with Chinese research centers in Beijing Shanghai, Shenzhen, xiamen, Chengdu, Nanjing and Wuhan yamto kanagawa prefecture, Japan and Morrisville. It also has a joint venture with NEC, Lenovo NEC holding, which produces personal computers for the Japanese markets

Lenovo was founded in Beijing in November 1984 as Legend and was incorporated in Hong Kong in 1988, Lenovo acquired IBM ‘s personal computer business in 2005 and agreed to acquire its Intel- based server business in 2014, Lenovo entered the smart phones market in 2012.

As of 2014 was the largest vendor of smartphone in mainland China, in 2014 Lenovo acquired the mobile phone headset maker motoral mobility from goggle.

Lenovo is listed on the Hong Kong stock exchange and is a constituent of the hang Seng China – affiliated corporation index, often referred to as red chips.

Emerging markets – in 2009, Lenovo became the first person computer manufacturer to divide countries into emerging markets and mature markets Lenovo then developed different set of strategies for each category, Lenovo competitions have widely adopted the same approach



First Generation

comes with a variety of high end options such

  • Intel Xenon processors
  • 4k screens
  • DDR4 Ram up to 64 GD 1080 screens
  • Intel core series CPU
  • Pcle ssDs come standard

The P series uses a cooling system known as flex that features two fans connected by heat pipe and located near the CPU and GPU, A three internal storage devices and has a single USB type – c thunder bolt 3 port, it weighs 2.54 kilograms and has thickness of 2.59 centimeters

P50- think pad p50s is an update of think pad w5505 focused on mobility the design generation is based on think pad T560

P70- has a 17 – inch display, it weighs 3.45 kilograms and is 3.05 centimeters thick it supports up to four internal storage devices and includes two USB type – c thunder bolt 3 ports.

second generation – p51 main board chipset was. Changed to Intel CM238, psi, the design is based on think pad T570 main board chipset was changed to kaby lake – u. P71 main board chipset was changed to Intel Cm238, optional optical drive is HL-DT-ST DVD RAM Gudon


The Third Generation – color calibrator dropped, Nvidic Pascal GPU, new dock stations with side connection port.


P52 – coffee lake CPU, all with 6 cores and 12 threads, CM246 chipset, P52s kaby lake – R 15w CPU 4 cores, 8threads Nvidia Quadro p500 GPU, PL version of XI Extreme with a Quadro GPU and optional Xenon processors.


Fourth generation – hardware update, optional OLED screen on a pl gens 14″ p43, 15″ p53, P53s, pl gens 17″p73


HP – the Hewlett- Packard company was an American multinational information technology Company headquarter in Palo Alto, California, it developed and provided a wide variety of hardware components as well as software and related services to consumer, small – and medium-sized business and large Enterprises,

Including customers in the government, health and education sectors, the company was founded in a one car garage in Palo Alto by bill Hewlett and David Packard, and initially produced a line of electronic test equipment.

Hp was the world’s leading PC manufacturer from 2007 to Q2 2013, at which time lenvo ranked ahead of HP, specialized in developing and manufacturing computing data storage, and networking hardware, designing software and delivering service.

Major product lines included personal computing devices enterprise and industry standard servers related storage devices, networking products software and a diverse range of printers and other imaging products, HP directly marketed its products to house holds, small- to- medium-sized businesses and Enterprises as well as via online distribution

Consumer electronics and office supply retailers, software partners and major technology vendors

Hp also had services and consulting business around its products and partners products. If you have any questions comments advice please them below you also find lot more information Ace Technology Partners

Protein foods for weight loss – some of our favorites high protein goodies

Obesity is really big problem in today’s world is a medical condition which excess body fat has accumulated to an extent that it may have a negative effect on our health people are generally considered obese when their body mass index (bmi) a measurement obtained by dividing a person’s weight by the square of the person height, is over 30kg/m2, the range 25 – 30kg/m2 is defined as overweight.

why do we get obese? The cause of this sickness are overeating and physical in activity ultimately, body weight is the result of genetics, metabolism, environment, behavior, and culture genetics.


The best high protein foods for weight loss


peanut butteris made from ground dry- roasted peanuts it often contains additional ingredients that modify the taste or texture, such as salt, sweeteners, or emulsifiers.

many studies say it’s high in protein, peanut butter is also high in fat content, packing nearly 100 calories into every table spoon but research that consuming peanut butter might not stop you from losing weight.

in fact, eating it might even help you shed pounds

  • nutrient – dense eggs – it high nutrient density because The infinitive a number of nutrients in proportion to their calorie count one egg has 13 essential vitamins and minerals unvarying amounts, high- quality protein, and antioxidants, all for 70 calories.

here is why adding nutrient – dense foods, which provide more nutrition bang for the calorie buck. They contain an abundance of nutrients and other healthful substance vitamins and minerals, fiber, lean protein, and unsaturated fats – but are not excessive in calories.


The most nutrient dense plant- the moringa have you ever heard of it, this miracles tree is the most nutrient – dense food on the planet beating kale, spinach and even spiraling for health – benefits, moringa is packed with vitamins like A, c, and E is high in calcium, which promote bone health and prevents heart disease.


moringa is also excellent source of potassium, which reduces anxiety and stress.


  • Salmon is a common food classified as an oily fish with a rich content of protein and Omega-3 fatty acids, in Norway a major producer of farmed and wild salmon differ only slightly in terms of food quality and safety, with farmed salmon having lower content of environmental contaminants, and wild salmon having higher content of Omega-3 fatty acids.

here is a taste Avocado salmon salad recipe this one definitely the one to put in your recipe books, it’s loaded with all the best ingredients, crunchy cucumber, crisp lettuce and juicy pan seared salmon, the fresh lemon dill dressing is so easy gives this salad amazing flavor.


it only takes 30 minutes, start to finish, this is a nice salad to enjoy on your busy days it easy, excellent salad, you will enjoy every bite.


  • Black beans – frijoles Negros is a Hispanic dish made with black beans, prepared in Cuba, Venezuela, Puerto Rico, Mexico and other nations in Latin America, frijoles Negros is typically seasoned with salt, ham hocks, onion and garlic, tomatoes, powdered cumin seeds, oregano and vinegar.

Black beans – as part of a healthy weight loss diet can help you lose weight beans of all types are high fiber and low in fat, they keep you full for long periods of time and help keep your blood sugar stable all legumes including black beans are full of protein and fiber – two well – known appetite crushers.


Beans are loaded with soluble fiber which eliminates inflammation in your digestive system.

Low- calorie lean meats that also help you lose weight


  • Eye of round steak – there no reason you can’t still enjoy a steak while cutting calories, is nutritious and a good source of vitamin B12 and iron, iron is an essential nutrient that helps transport oxygen throughout your body, while vitamin B12 is necessary to form red blood cells.
  • Boneless, skinless chicken breast – are the most popular meat in the supermarket, with a couple more chicken breast and Avocado, spinach you can enjoy a tasty dinner.
  • Pork tender loin – also called pork fillet or gentleman cut is a long thin cut of pork, as with all quadrupeds, the tender lion refers to the psoas major muscle along the central spine portion, ventral to the lumbar vertebrae, This is the most tender port of the animals because these muscles are used for posture rather than locomotion.

More high protein foods that help you lose weight

  • Nuts is a fruit composed of an inedible hard shell and a seed, which is generally edible in general wage, a wide variety of dried seeds are called nuts, but in a botanical context nut implies that the shell does not open to release the seed (indehiscent).

most seeds come from fruits that naturally free themselves from the shell, unlike nuts such as, hazelnut, chestnuts, and acorns which have hard shell walls and originate from a compound ovary.


the general and original usage of the term is less restrictive and many nuts ( in the culinary sense) , such as


  • Almonds
  • pecans
  • pistachios
  • Walnuts
  • Brazil nut are not nuts in a botanical sense, common usage of the term often refers to any hard – wallet edible kernel as a nut are an energy – dense and nutrient – rich food source
  • Shrimps are widespread and abundant there are thousands of species adapted to a wide range of habitats, they can be found feeding near the seafloor on most coasts and estuaries, as well as in the rivers and lakes.

To escape predators, some species flip off the sea floor and dive into the sediment, they usually live from large schools during the spawning season.


SHRIMP HEALTH BENEFIT it is high in several vitamins and minerals, and is a rich source of protein, Eating shrimp may also promote heart and brain health due to its content of Omega – 3 fatty acids and the antioxidant , astaxauthin


These crustacean pack a protein punch for very few calories one once ( 4 large shrimp) has 30 calories, 6 grams of protein and has minimal fat, shrimp is also good source of vitamin D and selenium and even contain several energy – boosting B – vitamin.




  • Avocados a tree with probable origin in South Central Mexico is classified as a member of the flowering plant from lauraceae. The fruit of the plants, also called an avocado is botanically a large berry containing a single large seed.

Avocados benefits – include improving digestion, decreasing risk of depression, and protection against cancer, #cancersucks Eating a diet that contains plenty of fruits and vegetables of all kinds has long been associated with a reduced risk of many lifestyles.

related health conditions, numerous studies have found that a predominantly plant – based diet that includes foods such as avocado can help to decrease the risk of

  • Obesity
  • diabetes
  • heart disease

overall mortality while promoting a healthy complexion and hair, increased energy, and overall lower weight, one serving ( one – fifth of an avocado, approximately 40 grams)

Contains: 64 calories, almost 6 grams of fat, 3.4 grams of carbohydrate, less than a grams of sugar, almost 3 grams of fiber, great source of vitamins c, e, k, and B- 6

  • Yogurt is a popular dairy product that’s made by the bacterial fermentation of milk, the bacteria used to make yogurt are called yogurt cultures, which ferment lactose, the natural sugar found in milk, consuming yogurt – especially if it contains robotics – on a regular basis may strengthen your immune system and reduce your likelihood of contracting an illness. Robotics have been shewn to reduce inflammation.
  • Whole grain – is part of a general healthy diet, consumption of whole grains is associated with lower risk of several diseases, whole grains are a source of carbohydrates, multiple nutrients and dietary fiber cereals protein have low quality due to deficiencies in essential amino acids mainly lysine in contrast, the proteins of the presided cereals have a high nutritional value.
  • citrus – is a genus of flowering trees and shrubs in the rue family rataceae, plants in the genus produce citrus fruits including important crops such as oranges, lemons, grapefruits, pommels, limes.

citrus health effect – some citrus species contain significant amount of furanocoumaring, a diverse family of naturally occurring organic chemical compounds. In humans, some ( not all) of these chemical compounds acts as strong photosensitive when applied topically to the skin, while other furanocoumaring interact with medications when taken orally.

The latter is called the grapefruit juice effect a common name for a related group of grapefruit – drug interactions, in most citrus species, the peel contains a greater diversity and a higher concentration of furanocoumarin implicated in grape fruit- drug interactions, which is more concentrated on the pulp of certain varieties of pomelo, grapefruit, and sour orange.




Obesity is endangering human race


is really big problem in today’s society because of the foods we eat, it’s a medical condition which excess body fat has accumulated to an extent that it may have a negative effect on health people are generally considered obese when their body mass index (BMI) a measurement obtained by dividing a person’s weight by the square of the person height, is over 30kg/m2, the range 25 – 30 kg/m2 is defined as overweight.

The most common cause of obesity are overeating and physical in activity ultimately, body weight is the result of


  • Genetics
  • metabolism
  • enviroment
  • behavior
  • culture genetics




Whats is calories?

is the amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of one grams of water by one degree Celsius, calories in food provide energy in the form of heat so that our bodies can function, our bodies sore and burn calories as fuel.

many dieters count calories and try to decrease calories intake to lose weight.

calories ain’t bad for you body needs calories for energy but eating too many calories and not burning enough of them off through activity – can lead to weight gain.

How much of calories you should intake to lose weight? An average woman need to eat about 2000 calories per day to maintain, and 1500 calories to lose one poundpound of weight per week.


Have any questions or comments please leave Dem below also you can check outout dr

BMW sport car- m2 coupe

BMW ( mayerische motoren werke) (AG) founded 7 March 1916, 103 years ago is a German multinational company which produces automobiles and motorcycles. In 1916, they started out as an aircraft engines which produced from 1917 until 1918 and again from 1933 to 1945.

Automobile are marketed under the brands BMW, mini and rolls – Royce, and motor cycles are marketed under the brand BMW motorrad, in 2015, BMW was the world twelfth largest producer of Motor vehicles, with 2,279,503 vehicles produced.

BMW headquarters in Munich and produces motor vehicles in Germany, Brazil, China, India, south Africa, the United kingdom and the United States.

BMW brand is growing in motor sports especially in touring cars, formula 1, sports cars and isle of man TT.


July 2010 BMW made a six-year sponsorship deal with the United States Olympic committee in golf, BMW has sponsored various events, including the PGA championship since 2007, the Italian open from 2009 to 2012, the BMW masters in China from 2012 to 2015 and the BMW international open in Munich since 1989. Rugby, BMW sponsored the south Africa national rugby union team from 2011 to 2015.

Brief history about the BMW

BMW AG originated with three other manufacturing companies, rapp motoren werke and bayerische flugzeugwerke ( BFW) in Havana, and fahrzeugfabrik eisenach in Thuringia, the company is now known as BMW or Bayerische motoren werke, Aircraft engine manufactures – rapp motoren werke became Bayerische motoren werke in 1916,

The engine manufacturer, which built proprietary industrial engines after world war 1, was then bought by the owner of BFW who then merged BFW into BMW and moved the engine works into BFW’s motorcycle sideline was improved upon by BMW

became an integral part of their business, the initial products were exhibited in 1922 in Munich plant, this souvenir were not intended for sale it was resulted with the historical exhibition which was organized in 1966. BMW became an automobile manufacturer in 1929.

when it purchased fahrzeugfabrik eisenach, which, at the time, built Austin sevens under license under the dixi marque BMW’s team of engineers progressively developed their cars from small seven – based car into six – cylinder luxury cars and, in 1936, began production of the BMW 328 sports car.

Aircraft engines, motorcycles, and automobiles would be BMW’S main products until world war 2, during the war against the wishes of its director Franz Josef poop, BMW concentrated on aircraft engine production with motor cycles as side line and automobile manufacture stopped altogether.

Comparisons between BMW M2 Competition and BMW M2 coupe BMW M2 coupe

It’s the year 2019 and the BMW M2 coupe is setting new standards in the compact class, with 370 hp and an extremely muscular design, this vehicle doesn’t just bring the typical M character to the road, but it’s performance is also unique, fast to 2019, and it’s clear that BMW M is now developing this top – class athlete into something even greater the BMW M2 competition

represents the ultimate evolution of this iconic M automobile, but how do they differ from one another? Check out some components of both.

BMW M2 Coupe

  • fuel consumption in 1/ 100 km
  • (combined): 8.5 (7.9)
  • Co2 emission in g/km (combined):199(185)

BMW M2 Competion

  • fuel consumption in 1/100 km
  • (combined): 9.8 – 9.1 (9.2)
  • Co2 emissions in g/km ( combined): 223 – 207 (210-209)

The information in bracket refers to the vehicle with 7 – speed M dual – clutch transmission ( DCT) with drive logic

BMW F22/F23

Is the first generation of the BMW 2 series lineage of compact coupes and convertibles, it was released in 2013 as the successor to the E82 / E88 coupe/ convertible models of the first generation of the 1 series lineage, the F22/F23 is produced alongside, and shares many features with- the f20 1 series range the body styles of the F22/F23 range

  • 2door coupe ( F22 model code )
  • 2door convertible ( F23 model code)

BMW. M2 coupeBMW. M2 coupe

  • Resistration year – 2016/9
  • Ext. Color – white
  • transimission – automatic
  • steering – right
  • mileage – 4,358km

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BMW M235i Racing

is the track version of the 2 series developed by the BMW motor sport division, it is used at the BMW m235i racing cup a BMW- only event with in the VLN (hurburgring endurance series and pirelli world challenge

the 3.0L nss straight – six engine developed a maximum out put of 245 kw ( 333 PS ). As a track car aimed at amateur, drivers, the car features driver aids such as anti lock brakes, traction control and dynamic stability control.

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Moto sports events – have many different racing form

Motor racing, is the sunset of motor sports activities which involve competitor racing against each other.

Open wheel racing – formula racing is a set of classes of motor vehicles, with their wheels outside, and not contained by any body work of their vehicle. These have been globally classified as specific formula series The most common being formula one, and many others include

  • Formula 3
  • Formula ford
  • Formula Renault
  • Formula Palmer Audi 

However, in North America, the Indy car series is their pinnacle open – wheeled racing series more recently, new open- wheeled series have been created originating in Europe, which omit the formula moniker such as GPZ and Gp3 former formula series include formula 5000 and formula two.

Formula one

Is a class if single seat and open wheel grand Prix closed course racing, governed by the federation international Del’ automobile (FIA) and currently organized by the privately owned company formula one group, the formula regulation contain a very strict set of rules which govern vehicle power, weight and size.

Formula E

Is a class of open- wheel auto racing that uses only electric – powered cars. The series was concern in 2012, and the inaugural championship started in Beijing on 13th September 2014. The series is also sanctioned with manufactures allowed to develop their own electric power- trains. The series has gained significant traction in recent years.

Indy car series

Originated on June 12th 1909 in Portland, Oregon at its first racer. Shortly after, Indianapolis motor speedway opened in 1909 and held races that ranged from 50 to 200 miles. It’s premier race is the Indianapolis 500 which began on may 11th, 1911

and a tradition was born, today, Indy car operates a full schedule with over 20 teams and 40 different drivers, the current schedule include 14 tracks over the course of 17 races per season, Jose new garden was crowned current champion of the Indy car series at Sonoma raceway on September 17, 2017, in Sonoma, California.

Enclosed wheel racing

enclosed wheel racing is a set of classes of vehicles, where the wheels are primarily enclosed inside, the body work of the vehicle, similar to a north American stock car.

Sports car racing

is a set of classes of vehicles, over a closed course track, including sports cars, and specialized racing types, the premiere race is the 24 hours of Le mans which takes place annually in France during the month of June, sports car racing rules and specification differentiate in North America from established international sanctioning bodies.

Stock car racing

is a set of vehicles that race over a speedway track, organized by NASCAR, while one stock cars, the vehicles are now purpose built, but resemble the body design and shape of production cars. Bootleggers throughout the Carolina are often

credited for the origins of NASCAR due to the resistance during the prohibition many of the vehicles were modified to increase top speed and handling, to provide the bootleggers with an advantage toward the vehicles local law enforcement would use in the area, an important part of the modification of stock cars was to increase the performance of the vehicle

while also maintaining the same exterior look giving it the name stock car racing many lands in NASCAR originated as bootleggers in the great smoky mountains of North Carolina like junior Johnson organized oval racing became larger and large, a group gathered in hopes to form a sanctioning body for the sport. NASCAR was organized in 1947, to combine

flat track oval racing of production cars, Dayton beach and road course was founded where land speed records were set on the beach and including part of AIA. The highlight of the stock car calendar is the season- opening, Dayton 500, also nicknamed The great American race which is held at Dayton international speedway in Dayton beach, Florida.

NASCAR has now held over 2,500 sanctioned events over the course of 70 seasons. Richard petty is known as the king of NASCAR with over 200 recorded wins in the series and has completed in 1,184 races in his career.

Touring car racing

is a set of vehicles modified street cars, that race over closed purpose built race tracks and street course.

Off Road Racing

is a group of vehicles that specialize in off – road racing and are modified street cars that can race on close purpose built off-road tracks and courses, off-road racing is popular all over the world, premier off-road events include the daker rally and Baja 1000 desert race,

series like the national off-road racing association which was founded in 1967, sanctions events utilizing off-road vehicles racing through the Baja desert. The first event sanctioned by the organization was the 1967 Mexican 1000 rally that began in Tijuana and ended in LApAZ.

Other racing

motor sports which involve competitors racing against each other

Air racing

is a highly specialized type of Motor sports that involves airplanes or other types of aircraft that compete over a fixed course with the winner either returning the shortest time, the one to complete it with the most points, or to come closer to a previously estimated time.

Air racing Historical championship

Gordon Bennett trophy 1st race: 1909 time trials’ course : pylon, rally, Field: open

Daily mail aviation prizes, 1st race: 1910, various events to encourage aviation, course : circuit point-to-point, field : open

coupe Deutsch Dela marthe, 1st race : 1912, encourage aviation, course : Cross country circuit, field : open

Schneider trophy, 1st race : 1913, encourage sea plane development, course: triangle, field: sea plane

Pulitzer and national air race 1st race : 1920, unlimited, course: pylon, field : open

king’s cup Race 1st race : 1922, handicapped race for light air Craft, course : cross – country (UK), field: Britain pilots

Dole derby 1st race : 1927, California to Hawaii, course: point-to-point, course: point-to-point, field : open

challenge international de tourism, 1st race : 1929, encourage light air Craft development, course: technical trials’ valley, field : light air Craft

Thompson trophy, 1st race : 1929, unlimited, course: pylon, field : open

women’s Air derby, 1st race : 1929, unlimited, course: transcontinental us, field : female pilots

Bendix trophy, 1st race : 1931, unlimited, course: transcontinental us, field: open

mac Robertson Air race 1st race : 1934, commemorate 1934 Melbourne centennials, course : international UK to Australia, field : open

formula V Air Racing 1st race: 1977, provide affordable racing, course: circuit, field : formula air Craft

Air racing history

The first Air race in the United States was held at Dominguez field just south of Los Angeles, from 10 to 20 January 1910, organized by pilots A. Roy Knabenshe and Charles Willard. Funding was raised from rail road magnate Henry Huntington, and the Los Angeles merchants and manufactures association, William Randolph Hearst carried coverage of the event

in his Los Angeles examiner, and hired a hot air balloon with a promotional parse touting his newspaper. The event attracted 43 entrants of which 16 appeared. It was there the aviation pioneer and military pilot Jimmy Doolittle, then thirteen, saw first airplane in the year before the first world war, popular interest in aviation led to a large numbers of air races in Europe

the 1911 circuit of Europe race, the daily mail circuit of Britain air race and the Aerial Derby.

red bull has created a series called the red bull air race world championship in which competitors fly individually between pairs of pylon, while performing prescribed manoeuvres, usually held over water rear large cities, the sport has attracted large crowds and renewed media interest in air racing.

Aero GP has multiple aircraft racing together pick around pylons, and is based in Europe where it has held an air race each year since 2005.

Powered paragliding or para motor race have been organized by the parabatix sky racers made up of the world top para motor pilots, the first occurring in 4th September 2010 in an air field in montauban, southern France, these are foot launched ram air wings powered by Small two-stroke engines allow for much smaller race venues such as City parks or beaches

where the audience can see the pilots up close as they carry out spectacular manoeuvres swooping close to the ground pylons during the race.

Motor boat racing

is a sport in which boats, or other types of water Craft, racing on water, boat racing powered by oars is recorded as having occurred in ancient Egypt, and it is likely that people have engaged in races involving boats and other water-borne craft for as long as such water Craft have existed.

Boat race in Japan

kyotei parimutuel boat racing in Japan, referred to as boat race it is a hydroplane racing event primary held in Japan. It’s one of Japan four public sports which are sports events where parimutuel betting is legal, kyotei was introduced in Japan in April 1952 when the first race was held at omura kyotei stadium in omura city, Nagasaki prefecture.

Drone racing

FPv drone racing ( where FPV stand for first person view or first person video) is a sport type where participates control drone typically small radio-controlled aircraft or quad copter, equipped with cameras, while wearing head mounted displays showing the live stream camera feed from the drones similar to full size air racing the goal is to complete a set course as quickly as possible

Drone racing began in Australia in late 2013 and early 2014 with a number of amateur pilots getting together for semi organized races in Brisbane and Melbourne.

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ATV review – new brand

The first ATV as we know it emerged as a 3 wheeler, the Sperry Rand tricart was designed in 1967 and manufactured in 1968 however it was the Honda Atc that made 3 wheeler a house hold name and set the path for today ATV. In 1970, Honda introduced their us 90 or ATC 90 ( all terrain cycle).

Little insight on the ATV

ATV also known as a quad three Wheeler, four- track, four- wheeler, or quadricycle, as defined by the American national standard institute ( ANSI) is a vehicle that travels on low – pressure tires, with a seat that is straddled by the operator, along with handle bars for steering control. As the name implies, it is designed to handle a wider variety of terrain than most

other vehicle, although it is a street- legal vehicle in some countries, it is not street- legal within most states’ and provinces of Australia, the United States, or Canada.

by the current ANSI definition, ATV are intended for use by a single operator, although some companies have developed ATV intended for use by the operator and one passenger. In some countries, the passenger is not required to wear a helmet. These ATV are referred to as tandem ATV.

The rider sit on and operates these vehicles like a motorcycle, but the extra wheels give more stability at slower speeds. Also, dirt bikes are considered to be ATV as that they were designed for off-road use only.

although most are equipped with three or four wheels, six – wheel models exist for specialized applications. Engine sizes of ATV currently for sale in the United states’ as of 2008 products range from 49 to 1, 000cc ( 0.049 to 1.0L, 3.0 to 61 cubic).

Engine measurements and definition

Litre is an Si accepted metric system unit of volume equal to 1 cubic decimeter (dm3, ) 1,000 cubic centimeters (cm3) or 1/1,000 cubic meter. A cubic decimeter ( or liter ) occupied a volume of 10cmx 10cm and is thus equal to a thousandth of a cubic meter.

Cubic inches is a unit of measurements for volume in the imperial units and united state customary units systems. It is the volume of a cubic with each of it’s three dimensions ( length, width, and depth being one inch long.

The cubic inch and cubic foot are still used as units of volume in the United States although the common SI units of volume the liter, milliliter, and cubic meter, are also used especially in manufacturing and high technology. One cubic inch is approximately 16.387ML one cubic foot is equal exactly 1,778 cubic inches.

ATV Sport Models

Are built with performance, rather than utility, in mind. To be successful at fast trail riding, an ATV must have lightweight, high power, good suspension and low center of gravity these machines can be modified for such racing disciplines

  • motocross
  • woods racing as known as cross country
  • desert racing
  • hill climbing
  • ice racing
  • speedway
  • tourist trophy
  • flat track
  • drag racing

throughout the United States and united kingdom there are many quad racing clubs with Enduro and quad cross sections GNCC racing began around 1980 and includes hare scramble and Enduro types races. To date, events are mainly held in the eastern part of the United States.

GNCC racing featured many types of obstacles such as, hill climbing Creek and log crossing dirt roads and wooded trail

Overview on a special and new brand of ATV – product description

Place of origin : Zhejians, China ( mainland)

NAME: 250cc ATV


Model- ZG-ATV-5


ENGINE displacement: 250cc, 4strokes


Cooling : water cooled


ignition : CDi


Gear box : 4f/N/1R


Final drive : chain


Starting : Electric start


carton size : 1720x 970x 850mm


Disc: front and rear airbag shock


Fuel consumption: 8L, plastic tank


wheel ( front/rear) 14 inches off-road wheel with allowing max. Speed 90km/h


Gross weight: 240kgs


max load: 240kgs


product size : 2040x 121x 1310m


container: 20ft 20pcs 40ft q : 42pcs


red, black, white, Orange, green, blue, yellow, army all are available


prices range from $2, 025.00 to $3,645.00 have many types and size available


transmission : manual clutch


Brakes : hydraulic disc brakes


Royal Enfield Creation

19th century Royal Enfield built and sold the first powered Quadricycle in 1893. It had many bicycle components, including handle bars, the Royal Enfield resemble a modern ATV – style Quadricycle but was designed as a form of horse less carriage for road use.

cycle training and education

In 1988, the all – terrain vehicle safety institute (ASI) was formed to provide training and education for ATV rider the cost of attending the training in minimal and is free for purchasers of new machines that fall with the correct age and size guidelines. Successful completion of a safety training class in many states’, minimum requirement for minor- age

children to be granted permission to ride on state land some states’ have had to implement their own safety training the ASi program cannot include those Rider with ATV outside of the age and size guidelines

which may still fall within the states’ law industry, agriculture workers are disproportionately at risk for ATV accident most fatalities occur in white man over the age of 55.

united kingdom policies

” Quad” is recognized by UK law as a vehicle four wheels and a mass of less than 550kg 1210 lb. To drive a Quadricycle on a public road l, in the UK required B1 license as well as tax insurance and registration.

in the United kingdom, the safety issues of cars classed a quad cycle are illustrated by the case of the G- wiz (REVAI) .

The neighborhood electric vehicle was given a euro Wcap specification test and the results suffer serious or life- threatening injury in a 64kmh (40mph) crash. The UK department for transport concluded that there were serious safety. Concern when REVA was crashed at 35 mph

Australia policies

After consultation with stakes holders including farmers and Quadricycle manufactures Australia leads of workplace safety authorities in 2011 released a strategy intended to reduce number of deaths and serious injuries associated

with quad bike use, the development of the report was closely followed by weekly Time newspaper and ABC television which reviewed the issue through its 7.30 program. Apart from encouraging of standard safety measures as helmet wearing, the strategy also recommend development of a national training curriculum controversially are recommendation

that owners consider fitting of an after market anti crush device which may offer added protection in the event of a roll over.

when the report was released the only model of anti crush protection on the market was the Australia made Quadbar which was vigorously opposed by the industry through media activity and a poster campaign at regional events for farmers

which are often used to showcase New products, the industry argued that the device had not been property tested and that post studies of tractor style rops such as a full frame large around the operator were not only in effective but could add to the risk of injury or death.

in February 2012 the Melbourne based institute for safety, compensation and recovery research published a paper which criticized the research claim of manufactures in relation to crush protection and found that the industry opposition to roller

over protection could not be supported because of limitations in part research. It recommended further research on the topic and developed of research on the topic and the development of research tools based on type of ATV quad bikes in Australian condition.

Different types of ATV

four Wheeler ( 1985 – today) Suzuki was leader in the development of four wheeler ATV, it sold the first model the 1982 quad runner LT 125, which was a recreational machine for beginners, Suzuki sold the first four wheeled mini ATV the Lt50, from 1984 to 1987, after the l t50, Suzuki sold the first ATV with a transmission the Lt80, from 1987 to 2006

in 1985 Suzuki introduced to the industry the first high performance four wheels ATV the Suzuki Lt 250r quad racer. This machine was in production for the 1985 to 1992 model years. During it’s production run it underwent three major engineering makeover.

however, the core features were retained, these were a sophisticated long travel suspension a liquid cooled two-stroke motor and a fully manually. Five speed transmission for the 87 – 92 models. It was machine exclusively designed for racing highly skilled riders.

Honda responded a year later with the four trax, TRax, 250R a machine that has not been replicated until recently it currently remains a trophy winner and competitor to big bore ATV. Kawasaki responded with it’s Hecate 4 250. The TRX 250R was very similar to the ATC 250R it eventually replaced, and is often considered one of the greatest sport ATV’s ever built.

in 1987, Yamaha motor company introduced a different type of high – performance machine the banshee 350, which featured a twin – cylinder liquid cooled two- stroke motor from the RD 350 cc street motor cycles. Heavier and more difficult to ride in the dirt than the 250s.

The banshee became popular machine with Sand dune riders thanks to its unique power delivery, the Banshee remains popular, but 2006 is the last year it was available in the u.s ( due to EPA emissions regulations) it remained available in Canada until 2008 and in Australia until 2012. The warrior 350 was introduced in 1987 and went on for years as a light and fast ATV.

shortly after the introduction of the banshee in 1987, Suzuki released the LT 500R Quad racer, this unique quad was powered by a 500cc liquid cooled two – stroke engine with a five- speed transmission, this ATV earned the nickname”quadzilla”

with its remarkable amount of speed and size, while there are claims of 100+ MPH (160km/h) stock quadzilla it’s was officially recorded by 3 and 4 wheel action magazines as reaching a top speed of over 79 mph ( 127km/h) in a high speed shoot out in its 1988 June issue, making it the fastest production four- wheeled ATV ever produced.

Suzuki discontinued the production of the LT 500R in 1990 after just four year.

at the same time development of ATV was rapidly escalating the 1986 Honda four Trax TRX 350 4×4 ushered in the era of four- wheel drive ATV. Other manufactures quickly followed suit, and 4×4 have remained the most popular types of ATV ever since.

these machines are popular with

  • hunters
  • farmers
  • ranchers
  • workers at construction sites

Atv with a low spreader mounted models continue, today to be divided into the sport and utility markets sports models are generally small, light, two wheel drive vehicles the accelerate quickly, have a manual transmission end run at speeds up to approximately 80mph (130km/h).

utility model are generally bigger four wheel drive vehicles with a maximum speed of up to approximately 70mph ( 110km/h). They have the ability to haul small loads on attached rack or small dump beds.

they may also tow small trailers due to the different weights each was 700 which features a nearly 700cc four stroke engine.

six wheel models often have a small dump bed with an extra set of wheels at the back to increase the pay load capacity. They can be either four wheel drive ( back wheel driving only), or six wheel drive.

in 2011 Land fighter was founded, the first Dutch / European ATV brand, the largest part of production takes site in Taiwan, to European standards, the ATV are finally assembled in the Netherlands.

if you have any comments or questions leave them below. Want any further information

Motocross accessories – Moto cycle racing

Motocross is a form of off- road motor cycle racing held on enclosed off-road circuits. The sport evolved from motor cycle trial competitions held in the United kingdom. Have many branches with different types of course with many condition.

Motorcycle racing- off-road

There are various types of off-road motor cycles also known as dirt bikes, specially designed for off-road refers to driving surfaces that are not conventionally paved. These are rough surfaces, often created naturally such as

  • sand
  • gravel 
  • river 
  • mud 
  • snow 

these types of terrain can sometimes only be traveled on with vehicles that have off-road equipment. Compared to road going motorcycles, off-road machines are simpler and lighter, having long suspension travel, high ground clearance, and rugged construction with little body work and no fairings for less damage in spills.


Wheels usually 21″ front, 18″ rear have knobby tires often clamped to the rim with a rim lock.


Specialized motorcycles for a variety of off-road motorcycle sports


such bikes are raced on short, closed off-road tracks with a variety of obstacles. The motorcycle have a small fuel tank for lightness and compactness long travel suspension allows riders to take jumps at high speed. Motocross engine are usually single cylinder two-stroke or four stroke units, which range in size from 50cc up to about 650cc.

Motocross side-car outfits have bigger engines, usually four stroke and often twin cylinder Motocross bikes are also used in freestyle Motocross.


A modified and road legal Motocross bike, having the addition of a horn lights, effective silencing and a number plate. Enduro riders complete over a longer course ( which may include road). And an Enduro events may last between one day and six days.

such as The international six days Enduro some Enduro events ( known as multi lappers) are held on rather short circuits, not unlike scramble track multilappers are especially popular with novice riders.

Rally raid, or rallies

A special type of Enduro bike with a significantly larger fuel tank for very long distance racing, typically through deserts ( e.g Paris Dakar rally) engine capacities tend to be larger, usually between (450cc and 750cc).

Dakar Rally motor cycles – the new WR450f Rally is the machine that Yama lube Yamaha rally riders

  • adrien van beveren 
  • xavier de soul trait 
  • franco caimi 
  • rodney fadgotter 

will be riding throughout the Dakar rally 2019 in the suspension department the new WR450f Rally has a kyb factory developed rear shock.






A trail bike is a dual purpose bike, made for on road and recreational off-road riding. A trail bike may resemble an Enduro bike, but since a trail bike is not intended to be used for competition, it may be less rugged, and equipped with dual purpose tires and more road legal equipment, such as indicators, mirrors and extra instruments.


trials riding is a specialized form of off-road competition testing balancing skills and precision rather than speed. For a trials bike, low weight and crisp throttle response power are the priorities, so trials bikes tend to have a small (125cc to 300cc) engine, with two-stroke being common.

During the trial, the rider stands on the footpegs, so a trials bike will have only a vestigial seat, or no seat at all. Fuel tanks are very small, giving a very limited range.

Track racing

High- speed oval racing typically with no brakes, nor near suspension. The engines filled by methanol, are long- stroke four stroke singles, such as JAP and JAWA. They have at most two gears, some types, such as speedway, and grass- track bikes, are designed to take left turn only.

Ja prestwich industries

an English manufacting company named after founder John Alfred prestwich which was formed in 1951 by the amalgamation of J.A prestwich and company limited and pencils Ltd.

john prestwich

an engineer commenced manufacture of scientific instruments in 1895 when he was 20, initially behind his father’s house at lans downe road, Tottenham, London and which still exists as of 2015 prestwich was initially Best known for his cinematography cameras and projectors.

he worked with s.zide ferranti and later the cinema pioneer William friese Greene in about 1902 j.a.prestwich and company started the manufacture of motorcycle engines which were used in many famous motor cycle marques

the motor cycle engines were associated with racing and record success and were still used in speedway bikes well into the 1960s. Prestwich also made some engines for aeroplanes.

in 1919 prestwich formed pencils limited to exploit his invention of new machinery and the company made master pencils, also in tariff road. In the nineteen thirties engine production increasingly focused on small industrial and agricultural engines. During prestwich produced around 240, 000 industrial.

petrol engineer in support of the war effort, together with millions of aircraft parts, fuses, etc.

in 1951 the asset of j.a prestwich and company limited and pencils Ltd were taken over by j.a. prestwich industries limited which was registered on April 23 1951 and floated on the London stock exchange shortly after. By 1957 practically all the shares in the company had been acquired by Villiers engineering company limited of wolver Hampton,

which also made motor cycle and industrial engines, the engineering works in Northumberland park closed in 1963 and J.Pap. prestwich industries limited was liquidated in 1964.


is a motorcycle and moped manufacturer founded in Prague, Czechoslovakia in 1929 by frantisek janecek who bought the motorcycles division of wanderer. The name JAWA was established by concatenating the first letters of janecek and wanderer.

in the past especially in the 1950s, JAWA was one of the top motor cycle manufactures and exported it’s 350 perak and in the 1970s the 350 Californian, it appeared in the typical black and red coloring from Californian beaches to New Zealand.

after 1990, there was a significant loss of production. A successor company was formed in 1997 in tynec nad sazavou, continuing the names as JAWA Moto. JAWA motorcycles got a resurrection in December 2018, by classic legend which is owed by machindra, through a licensing deal with the JAWA Moto. JAWA 353/354 250cc 2-stroke motorcycle.


Types of motorcycles

There are many system for classifying types of motorcycles, describing how the motorcycles are put to use, or the designers intent, or some combination of the two six main categories are widely recognized

  • cruiser
  • sport 
  • touring 
  • standard 
  • dual- purpose 
  • dirtbike 

sometimes sport touring motorcycles are recognized as a seventh category, storylines are sometimes drawn between motorcycles and their smaller cousins


  • mopeds 
  • scoooters 
  • under bones but other classification schemes include these as types of motorcycles 

there is no universal system for clarifying all types of motorcycles, there are strict classification systems enforced by competitive motorcycle sport sanctioning bodies, or legal definitions of a motorcycle established by certain legal jurisdictions for motor cycle registration emissions, road traffic safety rules or motor cyclist licensing.

there are also informal classifications or nicknames used by manufactures riders, and the motorcycle media. Some experts do not recognize sub-tupes, like naked bike, that purport to be classified outside the six usual classes, because they fit within one of the main types and are recognizable only by cosmetic changes.


from 1904 to 1908 complete motorcycles we’re produced from the development of the first overhead valve motor cycle engine to be produced in the UK.

After that the factory concentrated on supplying it’s engine to other manufactures, including

  • Brough superior
  • triumph motorcycles 
  • A.j. Stevens & co.ldt 
  • Enfield cycle co 
  • hazle woods limited 
  • zenith motor cycles 
  • Hrd motorcycles 

the front-runner of Vincent motorcycle machines that incorporated it’s engines included the Ajs model D, fabricated for the Russians in the first world war.

Other motorcycle sports

  • landspeed is where a single Rider accelerates over a 1 to 3 – miles (4.8km) Long straight track ( usually on dry lake beds) and is timed for top speed through a trap at the end of the run.

the Rider must exceed the previous top speed record for that class or type of bike for their name to be placed on the record books

  • freestyle Motocross a competition based upon points for acrobatic ability on an MX bike over jumps.
  • motorcyle gymkhana similar to car auto cross motorcycle time trial sport round cones on a paved area the winner is the competitor who completes the course in the shortest time. Time penalties are incurred by putting a down hitting a cone , or going outside the designated area.
  • motoball (motor cycle polo) similar to football, but all player ( except goal keeper) are riding motorcycles, and the ball is much bigger motor cycles Polo first began as an officially organized sports in the mid – 1930s. In France, there are organized Moto ball competitions, and the sport was included in the inaugural Goodwill Games.

Goodwill Games : was an international sports competition created by Ted Turner in reaction to the political trouble surrounding the Olympic games of the 1980s. In 1979 the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan cause the boycott the 1980 summer Olympics in Moscow, an act reciprocated when the Soviet Union and other eastern black countries ( with the exception of Romania boycotted the 1984 summer Olympics

In Los Angeles like the Olympics, the Goodwill Games were held every four years.

  • Hill Climbs : in the United States the completion are usually held on off-road course and results are judged on the distance that they manage to achieve.

of those that do complete the course, the Rider to reach the top with the shortest elapsed time wins. The motorcycle of choice in the early decades was the Harley Davidson 45 cubic inch model due to its high torque at low rpms, similar to farm engines.

for years the national competitions was held at Mount Garfield near Muskegon Michigan.

in other countries, notably the United kingdom completion mostly take place on tarmac courses, occasionally closed public roads, with the machines used for competitions being similar to those used for other road disciplines.

Have any questions or comments please? Leave them below.

2020 Olympic games sports list – subtraction & addition

Olympic is a way back event at the first recorded ancient Olympic games, there was only one event- the stage. The stage was a unit of measurements about 600 feet that also became the name of the footrace because it was the distance run. Since the track for the stage race was stage length the location of the race became the stadium.

the early Olympic games were celebrated as a religious festival from 776BC until 393A.d when the games were banned for being a pagan festival. The Olympic celebrate the Greek god Zeus.


At the first Olympic games in 1896, there were nine sports congested. Since that time many sports have been added and removed from the program. Only five sports have been contested at every summer Olympic game’s since 1896.


  • Athletics
  • cycling
  • fencing
  • Gymnastics
  • swimming

2020 Olympics reform

In 2012 there were 26 sports contested and in 2016 there was 28, and 33 are scheduled for addition to the official. Sports on the program, there are other recognized sports that are set for possible inclusion in the future.

  • archery
  • badminton
  • baseball and softball
  • basketball
  • beach volleyball
  • boxing
  • canoe / kayak
  • climbing
  • cycling ( track, road, mountain, BMX)
  • diving
  • equestrian ( dressage, jumping and evening)
  • fencing
  • field hockey
  • golf
  • gymastics
  • handball
  • judo
  • karate
  • modern pentathlon
  • roller sport
  • rowing
  • rugby 7s
  • sailing
  • shooting
  • soccer / football
  • swimming
  • surfing
  • synchconized swimming
  • table tennis
  • taek wondo
  • tennis
  • track and field
  • triathlon
  • volley ball (indoor)
  • water Polo
  • weight lifting
  • wrestling

Recent changes

After the 2008 Olympics the sports of baseball and softball were dropped from the program, in August 2009 the international Olympic committee voted on the two sports to be added to the program for Rio 2016. There was a list of seven sports that they chose from.

  • Golf
  • rugby union
  • roller sports
  • karate
  • softball
  • baseball
  • squash
  • they selected: golf and rugby union

Reforming the modern Olympic games

There are many other possible new sports for future games, in February 2013, wrestling was dropped from the core sports list and joined with baseball and softball joint bid,

  • climbing
  • karate
  • roller sport
  • Squash
  • wake board
  • wushu

to attempt to gain a place on the program for 2020 in May 2013 the IOC cut karate. Then in September 2013, they voted to return wrestling to the list of sports for the 2020 Olympic program. In 2015, further voting was held for the inclusion of more sports (cricket should be included in the 2020 Olympic games).

have been a part of the game

  • croque
  • motor boating
  • polo
  • tug of war
  • plunge for distance
  • underwater swimming
  • cricket
  • lacrosse
  • racquets

History of the Olympic games

The first recorded ancient Olympic games were held in 776BC, they continued to be celebrated about every four years until the emperor Theodosius I suppressed them in 394 A.D.

only free men ( not slaves) who spoke Greek could complete, rather the athletes from any country as in the modern Olympics.the games were always held at Olympia instead of moving around to different host cities every time as in the modern Olympic games.


is used to be thought that the site had been occupied since about 1500 BC with a religious cult of Zeus developing around 1000 BC. It may be that instead there was only a sanctuary from the 9th or 8th centuries through the question remains in debate.

other believe that remains of food and burnt offering dating back to the 10th century BC give, evidence of a long history of religious activity at the site no building have survived from the earliest period of use.

Athletes in the ancient Olympic games would participate in the nude, the word ‘gymnasium’ come from the Greek root gymnasium is school for naked exercise.

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Top 10 richest sports owners – in today’s game

The most powerful men and women in sports aren’t the ones you see on the field of play

look up in the owner’s box that where the true power resides.


Mukesh Ambani – net worth $50 billion

Born 19th April 1957, is an Indian businessman, the chairman, managing director and largest share holder of reliance industries limited, a fortune global 500 company and India most valuable company by its market value. According to multiple sources.

He is the richest man in Asia and the 13th richest person in the world. In 2007 Ambani gifted his wife a $ 60 million dollar Airbus A319 for her 44th birthday the Airbus which has a capacity of 180 passengers has been custom fitted to include a living room bedroom satellite television Wi-Fi stay bar Jacuzzi and an office.

Ambani was titled the world richest sports team owner after his purchase of the IPL cricket team Mumbai Indians for $11.9 million in 2008.

mukesh Ambani draw a yearly salary of 18,00,00,000 ($27 million) that which equals to RS 4,93,150($7569) daily. As of 2015 Mukesh Ambani net worth is $19.2 billion and his age is 58 that mean he has made a whopping $900,000 daily right from his birth.

. ” Opportunity everybody has equal opportunity and I think that is true for everything”

Steve Ballmer networth-$41.2 billion

Born March 24, 1956, is an American businessman and investor who was the chief executive officer of Microsoft from January 13, 2000, to February 4, 2014, and is the current governor of the Los Angeles clippers of the NBA as of October 2018 his personal wealth is at $ 42.4 billion, ranking him the 18th richest person in the world.

On may 29, 2014, Ballmer placed abid of $2 billion to purchase the NBA Los Angeles clippers after NBA commissioner Adam silver forced Donald Sterling to sell the team.

He became the clippers owner (governor) on August 12, 2014, Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen was fellow owner in the NBA having owned the Portland trail Blazers since 1988.

Dietrich mateschitz net worth -$18.9 billion

Born may 20, 1944, is an Austrian businessman he co-founded the red bull energy drink company and hold 49% of the company shares as of June 2019 mateschitz net worth was estimated to be $18.9 billion, making him the 51st richest person in the world.

mateshitzs brand are consistently marketed associated with physical and mental attributes needed for various types of extreme sports through commercial sponsorship. Red bull formerly owned more than 60% of the scuber formula one motor

racing team and was the main sponsor however red bull ended its relationship with sauber at the end of 2001. After the team opted to sign Kimi rakkoner as one of their drivers for the 2001 season.

Instead of red bull protege Enrique bernold in November 2004 mateschitz bought the jaguar racing formula one team from its previous owners, ford.

. ” The most dangerous thing for a branded product is low interest”

Hasso plattner and family – net worth $13.5 billion

Born January 21, 1944, is a German businessman, a co-founder of SAPSE software company, he has been chairman of the supervisory board of SAPSE since May 2003. As of March 2018 sources reported that he had at net worth of $13.5 billion.

Along with sailing, plattner is a keen golfer, he owns the fan court golf Estates, which has three Gary players designed championship courses in addition to the corde Valle golf club in San martin California.

The link of fan court staged the 2003 president cup matches between the USA and an international team captained by Gary player. Plattner is an investor in

San Jose sports and entertainment enterprises which owns the San Jose sharks and other related properties as well as managing the city owned SAP center of sjs and E, and began serving as the sharks representative on the national hockey league board of governors.

. “I believe that whoever is successful should help ensure that the next generation can be successful too. New application will have to deal with big data kids only learn that the stove is hot when they put their finger on and they burn it”.

Roman Abramovich – net worth $12.4 billion

born October 24, 1996, is a Russian Israeli billionaire businessman investor and politician Abramovich is the primary owner of the private investment company. Mill house (LLC) and is best known outside Russia as the owner of Chelsea f.c a premier league football club.

He was formerly governor of chukotka Autonomous okrug from 2000, to 2008, he is the richest person in Israel 11th richest person Russian, the 140th the richest person in the world.

By 1996,, at the age of 30 Abramovich had become so rich and politically well-connected that he had become close to president Boris Yeltsin and he moved into an apartment in the Kremlin at invitation of the Yeltsin. Family in 1999, and now a tycoon Abramovich was elected governor of Russian remote far eastern province of chukotka and has since lavished £112 million (€132million).

On charity to rebuild the improverished region, the identikit image being pieced together for us was not only powerful and wealthy, but acutely aware of those who had done less well in the tumultuous 1990s, when the Soviet Union fell.

. “To tell the truth I cannot call my childhood bad”

David Tepper- net worth $11.6 billion

born September 11, 1957, is American billionaire businessman hedge fund manager, and philanthropist. He is the owner of the Carolina Panthers of NFL. Tepper is also the founder and president of Appaloosa management, a global hedge fund based in Miami Beach, Florida.

He earned a bachelor’s degree in economics from the University of Pittsburgh in 1978, an MBA from Carnegie Mellon University in 1982. In 2013, he donated his largest gift of $67 million to Carnegie Mellon, whose tepper school of business is named after him.

. “We have this saying the worst things get the better they get”

Philip Anschutz – net worth $10.9 billion

born December 28, 1939, is an American billionaire businessman who owns or control managing companies in a variety of businesses including

  • energy
  • railroad 
  • real estate 
  • sports 
  • newspapers 
  • movies 
  • theaters 
  • arenas 
  • music 

he is philanthropist whose name appears on medical and educational institution to which he has donated millions Anschutz has been described as a Christian conservative.


In 1961 he bought out his father’s oil drilling company circle A Drilling, and earned large returns in Wyoming he ingested in stock real estate and rail roads. He expanded his investment to sports and entertainment companies, co-founding major league soccer as well as multiple teams

  • Los Angeles Galaxy
  • Chicago fire
  • Houston Dynamo
  • San Jose earthquakes

owns stakes in

  • Los Angeles Lakers
  • kings 
  • venues including the Staples center, London and the dignity health sports Park. 

Through his ownership of Walden Media, he has invested in film such as the Chronicles of Narnia, Ray and Joshua, through AEG Live, he owns the Coachella valley music and Arts festival ranked him the 35th richest person in the u.s.

. ” I don’t suppose there’s anything in life that guaranteed but we’ve done everything we can to achieve just that”

Mikhail prokhorov net worth – $9.8 billion

born may 3, 1965, is a Russian billionaire, political activist, and owner of the Brooklyn nets, an American basketball team after graduating from the Moscow finance institute, he worked in the financial sector and subsequently went onto become one of Russian leading industries owing major stakes in multinational the precious metal sector.

While he was running norilsk nickel the company became the world largest producer of nickel and palladium. He is the former chairman of polyps gold Russia’s largest gold producer, and the former president of onexim group, he resigned both position to enter politics in June 2011.

In December 2011, prokhorov capped a year of higher – profile political activity in Russian with the December declaration that he would run as an independent candidate in the 2012 Russian presidential election.

He was third in the voting amassing 7.94% of the total vote, in June 2012 he declared the establishment of the new Russian political party called Civic platform.


Micky Arison – net worth $8.9 billion

born June 29, 1949, is an Israeli American businessman and chairman of carnival corporation, the world largest cruise operator from 1979 until 2013, by Arnold w. Donald, who had served on the company board for 12 years. Arison is also the owner of the NBA Miami heat.

Stanley kroenke – net worth $8.7 billion

born July 29, 1947, is an American businessman and entrepreneur, he is the owner of kroenke sports and entertainment which is the holding company of English premier league football club. Arsenal the Los Angeles RAM of the NFL, Denver Nuggets of the NBA, Colorado avalanche of the NHL, Colorado Rapid of major league soccer, Colorado Mammoth of the

national lacrosse league, and the newly formed Los Angeles gladiators of the over watch league.

The Denver Nuggets and Colorado avalanche franchises are currently owned by his wife, Ann Walton kroenke, to satisfy NFL ownership restrictions that forbid a team owner from owning team in other markets. Ann is the daughter of Wal-Mart co-founder James bud Walton.

. “There would be nothing more thrilling than to win a championship”.

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